Standards: Language Arts
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Interpret figures of speech (e.g., hyperbole, paradox) in context and analyze their role in the text.
Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations.
Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Use collective nouns (e.g., group ).
Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish ).
Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves ).
Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told ).
Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
Produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie; The action movie was watched by the little boy ).
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.